World War II - Wikipedia
The war pitted some 50 Allied nations, most notable among which were the United States , United Kingdom , Soviet Union , and China , against the Axis nations. The name Axis, a reference to the straight geographic line between the capital cities of

The war pitted some 50 Allied nations, most notable among which were the United States , United Kingdom , Soviet Union , and China , against the Axis nations. The name "Axis," a reference to the straight geographic line between the capital cities of Rome and Berlin , came from a pact signed by Germany and Italy in 1936, to which Japan became a signatory in 1940. Ultimately a number of other nations would, either willingly or unwillingly, throw in their lot with the Axis, but Germany and Japan remained the principal powers in this alliance.

Although the roots of the conflict lay before the 1930s, hostilities officially began with the German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, and ended with the Japanese surrender to the United States six years and one day later. The war can be divided into three phases: 1939 – 41, when Axis victory seemed imminent; 1941 – 43, when Axis conquests reached their high point even as the tide turned with the U.S. and Soviet entry into the war; and 1943 – 45, as the Allies beat back and ultimately defeated the Axis.

Death toll. World War II and its attendant atrocities would exact an unparalleled human toll, estimated at 50 million military and civilian lives lost. Combat deaths alone add up to about 19 million, with the largest share of this accounted for by 10 million Soviet, 3.5 million German, 2 million Chinese, and 1.5 million Japanese deaths. (The United States lost about 400,000, and the United Kingdom some 280,000.)

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New Mexico Council of Defense. WWII Records Library, Series 18.3. New Mexico Adjutant General Records, Collection 1973–019, New Mexico State Records Center and Archives, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

New Mexico contributed greatly during World War II. Some New Mexicans served as Navajo Code Talkers, while members of New Mexico’s 200th and 515th Coast Artillery regiments fought bravely in the Battle of Bataan. Those who were taken prisoner faced the Bataan Death March. Of the 1,816 men in those regiments, only 987 survived the Battle of Bataan and its aftermath.

The war pitted some 50 Allied nations, most notable among which were the United States , United Kingdom , Soviet Union , and China , against the Axis nations. The name "Axis," a reference to the straight geographic line between the capital cities of Rome and Berlin , came from a pact signed by Germany and Italy in 1936, to which Japan became a signatory in 1940. Ultimately a number of other nations would, either willingly or unwillingly, throw in their lot with the Axis, but Germany and Japan remained the principal powers in this alliance.

Although the roots of the conflict lay before the 1930s, hostilities officially began with the German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, and ended with the Japanese surrender to the United States six years and one day later. The war can be divided into three phases: 1939 – 41, when Axis victory seemed imminent; 1941 – 43, when Axis conquests reached their high point even as the tide turned with the U.S. and Soviet entry into the war; and 1943 – 45, as the Allies beat back and ultimately defeated the Axis.

Death toll. World War II and its attendant atrocities would exact an unparalleled human toll, estimated at 50 million military and civilian lives lost. Combat deaths alone add up to about 19 million, with the largest share of this accounted for by 10 million Soviet, 3.5 million German, 2 million Chinese, and 1.5 million Japanese deaths. (The United States lost about 400,000, and the United Kingdom some 280,000.)

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New Mexico Council of Defense. WWII Records Library, Series 18.3. New Mexico Adjutant General Records, Collection 1973–019, New Mexico State Records Center and Archives, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

New Mexico contributed greatly during World War II. Some New Mexicans served as Navajo Code Talkers, while members of New Mexico’s 200th and 515th Coast Artillery regiments fought bravely in the Battle of Bataan. Those who were taken prisoner faced the Bataan Death March. Of the 1,816 men in those regiments, only 987 survived the Battle of Bataan and its aftermath.

World War II , or the Second World War – global military conflict from 1939 to 1945, which was fought between the Allied powers of the United States , United Kingdom , and Soviet Union against the Axis powers of Germany , Italy , and Japan , with their respective allies. Over 60 million people , the majority of them civilians, were killed, making it the deadliest conflict in human history . [1]

The war pitted some 50 Allied nations, most notable among which were the United States , United Kingdom , Soviet Union , and China , against the Axis nations. The name "Axis," a reference to the straight geographic line between the capital cities of Rome and Berlin , came from a pact signed by Germany and Italy in 1936, to which Japan became a signatory in 1940. Ultimately a number of other nations would, either willingly or unwillingly, throw in their lot with the Axis, but Germany and Japan remained the principal powers in this alliance.

Although the roots of the conflict lay before the 1930s, hostilities officially began with the German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, and ended with the Japanese surrender to the United States six years and one day later. The war can be divided into three phases: 1939 – 41, when Axis victory seemed imminent; 1941 – 43, when Axis conquests reached their high point even as the tide turned with the U.S. and Soviet entry into the war; and 1943 – 45, as the Allies beat back and ultimately defeated the Axis.

Death toll. World War II and its attendant atrocities would exact an unparalleled human toll, estimated at 50 million military and civilian lives lost. Combat deaths alone add up to about 19 million, with the largest share of this accounted for by 10 million Soviet, 3.5 million German, 2 million Chinese, and 1.5 million Japanese deaths. (The United States lost about 400,000, and the United Kingdom some 280,000.)

The war pitted some 50 Allied nations, most notable among which were the United States , United Kingdom , Soviet Union , and China , against the Axis nations. The name "Axis," a reference to the straight geographic line between the capital cities of Rome and Berlin , came from a pact signed by Germany and Italy in 1936, to which Japan became a signatory in 1940. Ultimately a number of other nations would, either willingly or unwillingly, throw in their lot with the Axis, but Germany and Japan remained the principal powers in this alliance.

Although the roots of the conflict lay before the 1930s, hostilities officially began with the German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, and ended with the Japanese surrender to the United States six years and one day later. The war can be divided into three phases: 1939 – 41, when Axis victory seemed imminent; 1941 – 43, when Axis conquests reached their high point even as the tide turned with the U.S. and Soviet entry into the war; and 1943 – 45, as the Allies beat back and ultimately defeated the Axis.

Death toll. World War II and its attendant atrocities would exact an unparalleled human toll, estimated at 50 million military and civilian lives lost. Combat deaths alone add up to about 19 million, with the largest share of this accounted for by 10 million Soviet, 3.5 million German, 2 million Chinese, and 1.5 million Japanese deaths. (The United States lost about 400,000, and the United Kingdom some 280,000.)

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New Mexico Council of Defense. WWII Records Library, Series 18.3. New Mexico Adjutant General Records, Collection 1973–019, New Mexico State Records Center and Archives, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

New Mexico contributed greatly during World War II. Some New Mexicans served as Navajo Code Talkers, while members of New Mexico’s 200th and 515th Coast Artillery regiments fought bravely in the Battle of Bataan. Those who were taken prisoner faced the Bataan Death March. Of the 1,816 men in those regiments, only 987 survived the Battle of Bataan and its aftermath.

World War II , or the Second World War – global military conflict from 1939 to 1945, which was fought between the Allied powers of the United States , United Kingdom , and Soviet Union against the Axis powers of Germany , Italy , and Japan , with their respective allies. Over 60 million people , the majority of them civilians, were killed, making it the deadliest conflict in human history . [1]

  World War II Records
in the Cartographic and
Architectural Branch
of the National Archives Reference Information Paper 79 National Archives and Records Administration
Washington, DC
1992

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